Tiles are the most popular form of roofing and have been a firm part of global history for thousands of years. Part of their mass appeal is their sturdiness and their ability to prevent rain from penetrating the roofing, by encouraging the water to run down the roof, with no areas for pooling.
Originally, most of the tiling was made from Terracotta, however stone-based materials such as Clay, Concrete, and Slate are now the common choices, as the stone is harder than Terracotta, making it more durable.
Choosing the right Roof Tiles:
Concrete has been the most commonly used tile for roofing and as a man-made material, it creates a strong alternative to natural tiles.
Concrete Roof Tiles are popular as concrete is well-known for being both durable and long lasting. Some of the world’s most famous structures, such as the Hoover Dam were constructed using Concrete. It is estimated that twice as much concrete is sold, compared to other materials such as wood, plastic, and steel.
For Tiling, Concrete has water locks which prevent water infiltration and are resistant to hail, wind, and fire. Concrete Roof Tiles are an incredibly safe roofing option, with a life expectancy of around fifty years, long out-living other parts of the roofing.
Concrete Tiles must comply with the British Standards, as set out under BS EN 490: 2011 and BS EN 491: 2001, which is fairly strict about a tiles overall performance. To pass the British Standard, a Tile must be strong, especially against weather such as rain and frost.
Clay is a popular choice because it not only looks great, but it also offers high performance.
Aesthetically, Clay Roofing Tiles have a very unique look particularly in their vibrant colouring that ages well and doesn’t fade. However, Clay is just an attractive option, as it also offers high-performance. Clay Tiles are resistant to strong wind, so you don’t have to worry about them falling off during bad weather.
The Tiles have excellent thermal properties, preventing your home from heating up during the summer months, whilst insulating them during the winter month. This can help to reduce the amount of energy that you need to use to heat – or cool – your home.
They are also resistant to fire.
All Clay Tiles and their fittings must comply with British Standard BS EN 1304.
Clay and Concrete are often chosen over natural Slate, as Slate can be fairly expensive. Nevertheless, Slate should not be ignored as they are a long-lasting tile (slate tiles have been known to survive for hundreds of years) and require very little maintenance during their lifespan.
Slate Roof Tiles are a good choice as they are low maintenance and extremely durable. They provide excellent fire protection as well as being both storm and wind resistant. Slate is also a great choice because it absorbs very little water.
In the UK, Slate Tiles are typically fixed to the Battens using Copper Nails, although it is also possible to use either Stainless Steel or Alloy Nails.
Slate tends to vary widely in colouring, which tends to be determined by the location from which it was quarried. Slates that were sourced in North Wales, for example, tend to vary in shades of grey, as well as green and purple.
All Slate Tiles must comply with British Standard BS EN 12326.
Tiles don’t all come in the same shape and/or style, and there are several that are popular in the UK:
- Plain Tiles
- Double Roll
- Elite Ridge
- Angle Ridge
- Half Round Ridge
- Hip Tile
- Interlocking Tiles